The Government of India has constituted the “Rashtriya Kamdhenu Aayog” to organize animal husbandry on modern and scientific lines and to take steps for preserving and improving breeds, and prohibiting the slaughter, of cows and calves and other milch and draught cattle.
As per 2012 livestock census, India has 300 million bovine population; out of this 191 million are cattle (cows) and 108.7 million buffaloes. The cattle and buffalo genetic resource is constituted by 43 breeds of cattle and 16 breeds of buffaloes. Among the bovine population, 216 million are females and 84 million are males. 5.2 million cattle are abandoned as per livestock census 2012.
India is the global leader in milk production with peak milk production of 176.35 MMT during 2017-18. The cattle population in the country plays crucial role in rural economy in terms of milk production, manure and draft animal power. The cattle population in the country plays crucial role in rural economy in terms of milk production, manure and draft animal power. The conservation, protection and development programmes particularly for indigenous breeds are not organized scientifically in the country.
Looking towards the vast potential of this sector in rural economy, need was felt to constitute an apex advisory body namely Rashtriya Kamdhenu Aayog, to address the issues related to conservation, protection and development of cows and their progeny, proper implementation of laws with respect to prohibition of slaughter and / or cruelty to cows and to provide policy and direction to the cattle conservation and development programmes in the country. Subsequently, the Government constituted Rashtriya Kamdhenu Aayog vide Resolution dated 21st February, 2019.
The Aayog is a high powered permanent apex advisory body with mandate to help the Central Government to develop appropriate programmes for conservation, sustainable development and genetic upgradation of Indigenous breeds of cows. The Aayog will review existing laws, policies as well as suggest measures for optimum economic utilization of cow wealth for enhanced production and productivity, leading to higher farm income and better quality of life for the dairy farmers. It also aims at transmission and application of improved technology and management practices at the farmers’ doorstep through coordination with dairy cooperatives, farmer producer companies and dairy industry as well as research institutions. Rashtriya Kamdhenu Aayog will function as an integral part of Rashtriya Gokul Mission.